Royal Naval Museum


Royal Naval Museum

50° 48′ 04″ N 1° 06′ 29″ W / 50.801, -1.108

Le Royal Naval Museum est le musée de l'histoire de la Royal Navy situé dans le Portsmouth Historic Dockyard de l'HMNB Portsmouth, en Angleterre.

Historique

Le Royal Naval Museum de Portsmouth (alors appelé Dockyard Museum) est fondé en 1911. La Grande-Bretagne se trouve alors dans un contexte difficile. Sa supériorité, incontestée durant tout le XIXè siècle est ébranlée : Contestations dans son empire, concurrences allemande, américaine et française dans les domaines économiques, industriels et maritimes poussent les britanniques à exposer leur puissance via les musées. Le Musée de la Royal Navy a alors vocation à rappeler la suprématie reconnue durant plus d'un siècle de la Royal Navy, flotte qui au XIXè siècle était présente sur toutes les mers du monde ; "le gendarme du monde" écrivent les historiens. C'est donc dans un contexte de crise que les britanniques fondent ce musée, afin de rappeler une "britishness" ébranlée.

Collections

Liens externes


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Contenu soumis à la licence CC-BY-SA. Source : Article Royal Naval Museum de Wikipédia en français (auteurs)

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