Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan


Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (né le 5 septembre 1888 et mort le 17 avril 1975).

Né dans une famille de brahmane, il reçoit près de Madras une éducation occidentale dans un collège protestant. Professeur de philosophie à Mysore, puis à Calcutta, il est le premier indien nommé professeur à l'Université d'Oxford. Vice-chancelier de l'Université de Bénarès (1939-1948), chancelier de l'Université de Delhi. Représentant de l'Inde (1946-1949) et président du Conseil executif de l'UNESCO (1949). Il joue ensuite un rôle politique important : ambassadeur à Moscou,Vice-Président de l'Inde du 13 mai 1952 au 12 mai 1962, puis Président de l'Inde du 12 mai 1962 au 10 mai 1967.

Resté fidèle aux traditions philosophiques et religieuses de l' hindouisme, il souhaitait cependant que son pays adopte les valeurs occidentales d'innovation et d'efficacité technique. Il est également réputé comme historien de la philosophie indienne, représentatif du néo-védanta. En 1975 il reçoit le Prix Templeton.

Œuvres

  • L'Hindouisme et la vie, trad. par P. Masson-Oursel, Librairie Félix Alcan, Paris, 1929.
  • The secret of Leela (Le secret de Leela)
  • The Ethics of Vedanta and Its Metaphysical Presuppositions (L'éthique du Vedanta et ses présupposés métaphysiques),(1908)
  • Essentials of Psychology (1912)
  • The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore (La philosophie de Rabindranath Tagore), (1918)

(1918)

  • The Reign of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy (Le règne de la religion dans la philosophie contemporaine),

(1920)

  • Indian Philosophy - Volume I (1923)
  • The Philosophy of the Upanishads (La philosophie des Upanishads), (1924)

(1924)

  • The Hindu View of Life (1926)
  • Eastern Religion and Western Though, Allen and Unwin, London, 1926. (Rééd. 1960)
  • Indian Philosophy - Volume II (1927)
  • The Religion We Need (1928)
  • Kalki or the Future of Civilization (Kalki ou l'avenir de la civilisation),

(1929)

  • An Idealist View of Life (Une conception idéaliste de la vie),(Hibbert Lectures), (1932)
  • East and West in Religion (1933)
  • The Heart of Hindustan (1936)
  • Freedom and Culture (1936)
  • Contemporary Indian Philosophy (1936)
  • Religion in Transition (1937)
  • Gautama, the Buddha (British Academy Lectures) (1938)
  • Eastern Religions and Western Thought (Les religions orientales et la pensée occidentale), ((1939)
  • Mahatma Gandhi: Essays and Reflections on his Life and Work (1939)
  • India and China (1944)
  • Education, Politics and War (A collection of addresses) (1944)
  • Is this Peace? (1945)
  • Religion and Society (Kamala Lectures) (1947)
  • The Bhagavadgita (1948)
  • Great Indians (1949)
  • The Dhammapada (1950)
  • An Anthology Of Radhakrishna Writings (1952)
  • The Religion of the Spirit and World's Need: Fragments of a Confession * 1952)
  • History of Philosophy in Eastern and Western (2 Vols.) (1952)
  • The Principal upaniShads (1953)
  • East and West: Some Reflections: First series in Bently Memorial Lectures (1955)
  • Recovery of Faith (1956)
  • Occasional Speeches and Writings - Vol I (1956), Vol II (1957)
  • A Source Book in Indian Philosophy (1957)
  • The brahma sutra: The Philosophy of Spiritual Life (1960)
  • The Concept of Man (1960)
  • Fellowship of Faiths: Opening address to the Center for the Study of World Religions, Harvard (1961)
  • Occasional Speeches [July 1959 - May 1962] (1963)
  • President Radhakrishna's Speeches and Writings 1962-1964 (1965)
  • On Nehru (1965)
  • Religion in a Changing World (1967)
  • President Radhakrishna's Speeches and Writings 1964-1967 (1969)
  • Radhakrishna Reader: An Anthology (1969)
  • The Creative Life (1975)
  • Living with a Purpose (1977)
  • True Knowledge (1978)
  • Indian Religions (1979)
  • Towards a New World (1980)



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