Sérotype


Sérotype

Sérovar

En biologie, le mot sérovar (ou serovar, également appelé sérotype ou serotype) désigne une propriété antigénique permettant d'identifier une cellule (bactéries, RBC, etc.) ou un virus par des méthodes sérologiques. La technique est souvent appelée le sérogroupage.
Autrement dit, c'est le nom donné à la variété sérologique correspondant à une espèce (bactérie, virus.) et la manière de nommer les subdivisions taxonomiques (de classement) de micro-organismes sur la base des caractéristiques de leur antigène ou protéines.

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Regardez d'autres dictionnaires:

  • serotype — [sir′ə tīp΄] n. a strain of microorganisms having a set of antigens in common vt. serotyped, serotyping to assign to a particular serotype …   English World dictionary

  • serotype — serotype. См. серотип. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Serotype — The kind of microorganism as characterized by serologic typing (testing for recognizable antigens on the surface of the microorganism). * * * SYN: serovar. heterologous s. an antibody that was induced by one antigen and reacts with another… …   Medical dictionary

  • Serotype — For the term s use in bacteriology, see serovar. Transplants between genetically non identical humans induce the creation of antibodies in the recipient. These non identical cell surface antigens in the donor and produce antiserum in the… …   Wikipedia

  • serotype — I. ˈsirəˌtīp, ˈser noun Etymology: sero + type : a group of intimately related microorganisms distinguished by the possession of a common set of antigens; also : the antigen set characteristic of such a group II. ˈsirəˌtīp, ˈser transitive verb… …   Useful english dictionary

  • serotype — /sear euh tuyp , ser /, n., v., serotyped, serotyping. n. 1. a group of organisms, microorganisms, or cells distinguished by their shared specific antigens as determined by serologic testing. 2. the set of antigens that characterizes the group. v …   Universalium

  • serotype — n. a category into which material is placed based on its serological activity, particularly in terms of the antigens it contains or the antibodies that may be produced against it. Thus bacteria of the same species may be subdivided into serotypes …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • serotype — se•ro•type [[t]ˈsɪər əˌtaɪp, ˈsɛr [/t]] n. v. typed, typ•ing 1) mcr imu med a group of organisms, microorganisms, or cells distinguished by their shared specific antigens as determined by serologic testing 2) mcr imu med the set of antigens that… …   From formal English to slang

  • serotype — noun Date: 1946 a group of intimately related microorganisms distinguished by a common set of antigens; also the set of antigens characteristic of such a group …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • serotype — The genotype of a unicellular organism as defined by antisera against antigenic determinants expressed on the surface …   Dictionary of molecular biology


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