Boninite


Boninite

La boninite est une roche mafique extrusive riche en magnésium et en silice. Son nom provient de l'arc volcanique de l'archipel d'Ogasawara, anciennement appelé les îles Bonin, où on en trouve un gisement.

La boninite est d'abord observée dans des volcans éteints très anciens, vieux d'au moins un million d'années. Puis, en 2009, une équipe de scientifiques observe une éruption du volcan sous-marin Mata Ouest, dans les Tonga, et se rend compte que le volcan produit de la lave contenant de la boninite, apportant ainsi la preuve que la roche se trouve toujours dans les laves des volcans actifs à l'époque contemporaine[1].

Notes et références

Bibliographie

  • (en) A. J. Crawford, Boninites, Londres, Unwin Hyman, 1989, (ISBN 0-0444-5003-6)
  • (en) P. F. Dobson, J. G. Blank, S. Maruyama, et J. G. Liou, « Petrology and geochemistry of boninite series volcanic rocks, Chichi-jima, Bonin Islands, Japan », International Geology Review n°48, 2006, p.  669–701 (LBNL #57671)
  • (en) P. F. Dobson, H. Skogby et G. R. Rossman, « Water in boninite glass and coexisting orthopyroxene: concentration and partitioning », Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. n°118, 1995, p. 414-419.
  • Portail des minéraux et roches Portail des minéraux et roches

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